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Introduction

The sample-ext-app is an external application that can interact with a Cytomine instance.
It is an almost empty web application to show you how to implement your own business functionnalities by creating an external app without modifying the Cytomine core.

This is just a sample app that could serve as a basis for your own application using Cytomine. It first provides a form where you have to enter your Cytomine public and private keys (you can retrieve them on your Cytomine account page). Next the app lists all available projects. If you click on the image links, you will get the project images. You may click on each image button to open it on the Cytomine application (you must be logged on Cytomine). You can use similar principles to access any data stored in the main Cytomine core server instance (e.g. user annotations,...).

Before reading this article, you should:

  • Be familiar with Grails web framework (following a simple tutorial will be enough),
  • Be familiar with AngularJS (same as for Grails),
  • Install Grails (version 2.3.5, higher should work too),
  • Download the sample-ext-app sources

 

This is SAMPLE WEBAPP. We provide almost no error handling and no test. We provide a very simple authentification mechanism.

 

Technologies

We use these technologies for the server:

NameDescriptionURL
GrailsWeb framework to build the serverhttps://grails.org/
Cytomine Java ClientA client to easily interact with Cytomine REST APINo URL, the jar is in lib/ folder

For the client:

NameDescriptionURL
AngularJSWeb framwork to build the clienthttps://angularjs.org/
BootstrapCSS-based design templatehttp://getbootstrap.com
ng-tableAn external lib to easily build data tables with AngularJShttp://ngmodules.org/modules/ng-table

Execute

You first need a Grails 2.3.5 installed (higher versions version should be ok after upgrating).

  • Move to the app directory (directory containing application.properties file),
  • Update the grails.cytomine.host config option from the grails-app/conf/Config.groovy file if necessary (by default: "http://beta.cytomine.be").
  • Run:

    grails run-app
  • By default, the server listens on port 8080. You should see something like this:
    Server running. Browse to http://localhost:8080/index.html

  • Go to this link. You should see the form to enter your Cytomine credentials (keys). To get your keys, go to Cytomine, in your account page.

 

Server  

This is a very light Grails server.

Config

All config data are in grails-app/conf/Config.groovy. These config data may be externalized in a real config file (see http://grails.org/doc/latest/guide/single.html#configExternalized). For the sample app, there are hard-coded.

grails.cytomine.host = "http://beta.cytomine.be"

The grails-app/conf/DataSource.groovy file contains config data for the database connection. We keep default value since we don't need a database for the sample app.

Startup

When you run the server (using run-app or running the war in container), Grails launch the grails-app/conf/BootStrap.groovy init method. This method is empty for our sample app.

Request

Each HTTP request is first processed by the grails-app/conf/UrlMappings.groovy. This file contains mapping rules. A mapping rule defines that for an HTTP request on path with a specific verb, the request must trigger a specific controller method.

"/api/project.$fomat"(controller:"cytomine"){
    action = [GET: "projects"]
}

This rule simply tells that when you do a GET on /api/project.json, you call the method CytomineController.projects() (controller name starts with a lowercase and is written without “Controller” prefix).

We have defined a filter in grails-app/conf/SecurityFilters.groovy. Before each request, we retrieved the cytomine credentials and we init the Cytomine connection. Each request using Cytomine data (e.g. get project lists, get images from project) must have publicKey and privateKey as parameters.

String publicKey = params.get("publicKey")
String privateKey = params.get("privateKey")
request['cytomine'] = new Cytomine(grailsApplication.config.grails.cytomine.host,publicKey,privateKey,"./")

In grails-app/controllers/be/cytomine/sample.CytomineController, we've defined some methods using the Cytomine connection.

def projects() {
    render request['cytomine'].getProjects().list as JSON
}

This method simply call the getProjects() method from the Cytomine client instance and render the content in JSON as the request response.

To recap, if a GET method is done on /api/project.json with the good credentials (Run http://localhost:8080/api/project.json?privateKey=...&publicKey=... in your browser):

  1. The url mapping finds the good rule and calls CytomineController.projects() method,
  2. The filters occurs just before the method call, extract keys from URL params and create a Cytomine instance (stored in request['cytomine']),
  3. The method projects() uses the Cytomine Client to retrieve your projects. The method getProjects() from the client simply does a GET /api/project.json on the Cytomine instance and returns the result as a list,
  4. The method returns the project list as a JSON

 

Web Client

Its a basic AngularJS app. The entry point is the web-app/index.html file. All the routes are defined in web-app/mainapp.js.

URLContent for <ng-view>Description

By default

views/projects.html

Print projects listing view
(or the keys form if public/private key are null)

/index.html#/home

views/projects.html

Same as before

/index.html#/project/:idProject/image

views/images.html

Print the project images view

The interesting part from the index.html file is:

<div ng-show="publicKey">
    <ng-view></ng-view>
</div>
<div ng-hide="publicKey" ng-include src="'views/keys.html'"></div>

The ng-view adds the content from the mainapp.js mapping (e.g. content from web-app/views/projects.html if /home). This content is shown only if publicKey is set in the AngularJS scope (from mainController.js). If not, we set the content from keys.html (a form to enter public and private keys). Keys are stored using HTML5 local storage.

Views file (html) are link with AngularJS controllers (web-app/controllers). Service files (web-app/services) are used to interact with Cytomine.

 

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